- Additional information
- How to Use
- Product Details
- Side Effects
- Patient Information Leaflet
- Prescription Product
Valsartan 40mg Capsules, 28 Capsules
What Valsartan 40mg is and what it is used for
Valsartan 40mg capsules belongs to a class of medicines known as angiotensin II receptor antagonist, which help to control high blood pressure. Angiotensin II is a substance in the body that causes vessels to tighten, thus causing your blood pressure to increase. Valsartan works by blocking the effect of angiotensin II. As a result, blood vessels relax and blood pressure is lowered.
Valsartan 40mg hard capsules can be used for three different conditions:
• to treat high blood pressure in children and adolescents 6 to 18 years of age. High blood pressure increases the workload on the heart and arteries. If not treated it can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, and may result in a stroke, heart failure, or
kidney failure. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks. Lowering your blood pressure to normal reduces the risk of developing these disorders.
• to treat adult patients after a recent heart attack (myocardial infarction). ‘Recent’ here means between 12 hours and 10 days.
• to treat symptomatic heart failure in adult patients. Valsartan is used when a group of medicines called Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (a medication to treat heart failure) cannot be used or it may be used in addition to ACE inhibitors when other
medications to treat heart failure cannot be used.
Heart failure symptoms include shortness of breath, and swelling of the feet and legs due to fluid build-up. It is caused when the heart muscle cannot pump blood strongly enough to supply all the blood needed throughout the body.
What is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure often has little or no symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart attacks and strokes which can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Around one third (33%) adults in the Nigeria are believed to have high levels without knowing about it because they do not experience any discomfort when resting; however this may change for some people who become more active than usual due to work stressors like anxiety at night time before bedtime etc.. The only way you will know whether or not your own personalised level falls into this category would be by having an assessment done through testing methods including purchasing medicine over-the counter from stores.
Blood pressure is recorded with 2 numbers. The systolic pressure (higher number) is the force at which your heart pumps blood around your body.
The diastolic pressure (lower number) is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels.
They’re both measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
As a general guide:
- high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher (or 150/90mmHg or higher if you’re over the age of 80)
- ideal blood pressure is usually considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg
Blood pressure readings between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could mean you’re at risk of developing high blood pressure if you do not take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.
Everyone’s blood pressure will be slightly different. What’s considered low or high for you may be normal for someone else.
If your blood pressure is too high, it puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.
Persistent high blood pressure can increase your risk of a number of serious and potentially life-threatening health conditions, such as:
- heart disease
- heart attacks
- heart failure
- peripheral arterial disease
- aortic aneurysms
- kidney disease
- vascular dementia
If you have high blood pressure, reducing it even a small amount can help lower your risk of these health conditions.
It’s not always clear what causes high blood pressure, but there are things that can increase your risk.
You might be more at risk if you:
- are overweight
- eat too much salt and do not eat enough fruit and vegetables
- do not do enough exercise
- drink too much alcohol or coffee (or other caffeine-based drinks)
- do not get much sleep or have disturbed sleep
- are over 65
- have a relative with high blood pressure
- are of black African or black Caribbean descent
- live in a deprived area
Making healthy lifestyle changes can sometimes help reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and help lower your blood pressure if it’s already high.
Valsartan 40mg Capsules Reviews
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What is the price of Valsartan 40mg Capsules in Nigeria
The price of Valsartan 40mg Capsules is N2900
Where can you buy Valsartan 40mg Capsules In Nigeria?
You can Buy Valsartan 40mg Capsules at Asset Pharmacy Lagos Nigeria, Nigeria’s Largest Online Pharmacy.
How to Use
How to take Valsartan 40mg
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor
or pharmacist if you are not sure. People with high blood pressure often do not notice any signs of
this problem. Many may feel quite normal. This makes it all the more important for you to keep your
appointments with the doctor even if you are feeling well.
Use in children and adolescents (6 to 18 years of age) with high blood pressure: In patients who
weigh less than 35 kg the usual dose is 40 mg of valsartan once daily. In patients who weigh 35 kg or
more the usual starting dose is 80 mg of valsartan once daily. In some cases your doctor may
prescribe higher doses (the dose can be increased to 160 mg and to a maximum of 320 mg).
Use in adult patients after a recent heart attack: After a heart attack the treatment is generally
started as early as after 12 hours, usually at a low dose of 20 mg twice daily. It is not possible to
obtain the 20 mg dose with Valsartan hard capsules. The 20 mg dose should be obtained by dividing a
40 mg divisible tablet. Your doctor will increase this dose gradually over several weeks to a
maximum of 160 mg twice daily. The final dose depends on what you as an individual patient can
Valsartan can be given together with other treatment for heart attack, and your doctor will decide
which treatment is suitable for you.
Use in adult patients with heart failure: Treatment starts generally with 40 mg twice daily. Your
doctor will increase the dose gradually over several weeks to a maximum of 160 mg twice daily. The
final dose depends on what you as an individual patient can tolerate. Valsartan can be given together
with other treatment for heart failure, and your doctor will decide which treatment is suitable for you.
Use in adult patients with high blood pressure: The usual dose is 80 mg daily. In some cases your
doctor may prescribe higher doses (e.g. 160 mg or 320 mg). He may also combine Valsartan with an
additional medicine (e.g. a diuretic).
You can take Valsartan with or without food. Swallow Valsartan with a glass of water.
Take Valsartan at about the same time each day.
If you take more Valsartan than you should
If you experience severe dizziness and/or fainting, lie down and contact your doctor immediately. If
you have accidentally taken too many tablets, contact your doctor, pharmacist, or hospital.
If you forget to take Valsartan
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your
next dose, skip the dose you missed.
If you stop taking Valsartan
Stopping your treatment with Valsartan may cause your disease to get worse. Do not stop taking your
medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
If you have further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
What do you need to know before you take Valsartan
Do not take Valsartan
• if you are allergic to valsartan or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in
• if you have severe liver disease.
• if you are more than 3 months pregnant (it is also better to avoid Valsartan in early
pregnancy – see pregnancy section).
• if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood pressurelowering medicine containing aliskiren.
If any of these apply to you, do not take Valsartan.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Valsartan if any of the following apply to you.
• If you have liver disease.
• If you have severe kidney disease or if you are undergoing dialysis.
• If you are suffering from a narrowing of the kidney artery.
• If you have recently undergone kidney transplantation (received a new kidney).
• If you are treated after a heart attack or for heart failure, your doctor may check your kidney
• If you have severe heart disease other than heart failure or heart attack.
• If you have ever experienced swelling of the tongue, throat and face caused by an allergic
reaction called angioedema when taking another drug (including ‘ACE inhibitors’), tell your
doctor. If these symptoms occur when you are taking valsartan, stop taking valsartan
immediately and do not take it again. See also section 4 of this leaflet ‘Possible side effects’.
• If you are taking medicines that increase the amount of potassium in your blood. These
include potassium supplements or salt substitutes containing potassium, potassium-sparing
medicines and heparin.
• If you suffer from aldosteronism. This is a disease in which your adrenal glands make too
much of the hormone aldosterone. If this applies to you, the use of Valsartan is not
• If you have lost a lot of fluid (dehydration) caused by diarrhoea, vomiting, or high doses of
water tablets (diuretics).
• If you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
– an ACE inhibitor (for example enalapril, Lisinopril, Ramipril), in particular if you have
diabetes-related kidney problems.
If you are being treated with an ACE inhibitor together with certain other medicines to treat
your heart failure, which are known as mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) (for
example spironolactone, eplerenone) or beta-blockers (for example matoprolol).
• You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Valsartan is not
recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months
pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see pregnancy
Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of electrolytes (e.g.
potassium) in your blood at regular intervals.
See also information under the heading ‘Do not take Valsartan’.
Children and adolescents
If you are below 18 years of age and you take Valsartan in combination with other medicines that
inhibit the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (medicines that lower blood pressure), your doctor
may check your kidney function and the amount of potassium in your blood at regular intervals.
Other medicines and Valsartan
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
The effect of the treatment can be influenced if Valsartan is taken together with certain other
medicines. It may be necessary to change the dose, to take other precautions, or in some cases to stop
taking one of the medicines. This applies to both prescription and non-prescription medicines,
• other medicines that lower blood pressure, especially water tablets (diuretics), ACE
inhibitors or aliskiren.
• medicines that increase the amount of potassium in your blood. These include potassium
supplements or salt substitutes containing potassium, potassium-sparing medicines and
• certain type of pain killers called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs).
• some antibiotics (rifamycin group), a drug used to protect against transplant rejection
(ciclosporin) or an antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV/AIDS infection (ritonavir). These
drugs may increase the effect of Valsartan.
• lithium, a medicine used to treat some types of psychiatric illness.
• if you are being treated after a heart attack, a combination with ACE inhibitors (a
medication to treat heart attack) is not recommended.
• if you are being treated for heart failure, a triple combination with ACE inhibitors and
beta blockers (medications to treat heart failure) is not recommended.
Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions:
• if you are taking an ACE inhibitor or aliskiren (see also information under the headings ‘Do
not take Valsartan’ and ‘Warnings and precautions’)
• if you are being treated with an ACE inhibitor together with certain other medicines to treat
your heart failure, which are known as mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists (MRA) (for
example spironolactone, eplerenone) or beta-blockers (for example metoprolol).
Valsartan with food and drink
You can take Valsartan with or without food.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
• You must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become) pregnant. Your
doctor will normally advise you to stop taking Valsartan before you become pregnant or as
soon as you know you are pregnant, and will advise you to take another medicine instead of
Valsartan. Valsartan is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when
more than 3 months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if it is used after the
third month of pregnancy.
• Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Valsartan is
not recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may choose another
treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born
Driving and using machines
Before you drive a vehicle, use tools or operate machines, or carry out other activities that require
concentration, make sure you know how Valsartan affects you. Like many other medicines used to
treat high blood pressure, Valsartan may in rare cases cause dizziness and affect the ability to concentrate
Like all medicines, Valsartan 40mg can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
These side effects may occur with certain frequencies, which are defined as follows:
very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people
common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people
rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people
very rare: may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people
not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data.
Some symptoms need immediate medical attention:
You may experience symptoms of angioedema (a specific allergic reaction), such as:
• swollen face, lips, tongue or throat
• difficulty in swallowing
• hives and difficulties in breathing
Other side effects include:
• low blood pressure with or without symptoms such as dizziness and fainting when standing
• decreased kidney function (signs of renal impairment).
• angioedema (see section ‘Some symptoms need immediate medical attention’)
• sudden loss of consciousness (syncope)
• spinning sensation (vertigo)
• severely decreased kidney function (signs of acute renal failure)
• muscle spasms, abnormal heart rhythm (signs of hyperkalaemia)
• breathlessness, difficulty breathing when lying down, swelling of the feet or legs (signs of
• abdominal pain
• blistering skin (sign of dermatitis bullous)
• allergic reactions with rash, itching and hives; symptoms of fever, swollen joint and joint
pain, muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes and/or flu-like symptoms may occur (signs of serum
• purplish-red spots, fever, itching (signs of inflammation of blood vessels also called
• unusual bleeding or bruising (signs of thrombocytopenia)
• muscle pain (myalgia)
• fever, sore throat or mouth ulcers due to infections (symptoms of low level of white blood
cells also called neutropenia)
• decrease of level of haemoglobin and decrease of the percentage of red blood cells in the
blood (which can, in severe cases, lead to anaemia )
• increase of level of potassium in the blood (which can, in severe cases, trigger muscle
spasms, abnormal heart rhythm)
• elevation of liver function values (which can indicate liver damage) including an increase of
bilirubin in the blood (which can, in severe cases, trigger yellow skin and eyes)
• increase of level of blood urea nitrogen and increase of level of serum creatinine (which can
indicate abnormal kidney function)
• low level of sodium in the blood (which can trigger tiredness, confusion, muscle twitching
and/or convulsions in severe cases).
The frequency of some side effects may vary depending on your condition. For example, side effects
such as dizziness, and decreased kidney function, were seen less frequently in patients treated with
high blood pressure than in patients treated for heart failure or after a recent heart attack.
Side effects in children and adolescents are similar to those seen in adults.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet.
What Valsartan contains
The active substance is valsartan. One capsule contains 40 mg
The other ingredients are microcrystalline cellulose, crospovidone (type A), sodium laurilsulfate,
povidone, colloidal anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate.
In addition the capsule shells contain iron oxide black (E172), titanium dioxide (E171), gelatin,
sodium laurilsulfate, shellac, dehydrated alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, butyl alcohol, propylene glycol,
concentrated ammonia solution and potassium hydroxide
Patient Information Leaflet
This product requires a prescription from your Doctor.
Please follow the instruction received from the pharmacy on how to forward your prescription to the pharmacy after you have paid for the medicine.
A prescription drug is a pharmaceutical medication that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
To order this product you confirm that you are under the care of your doctor or consultant and have been given permission by them for purchase, fulfillment & use in treatment with their written consent
Delievry time are estimates. Can vary due to the time of day you order.
Delivery time estimate are subject to the courier company.
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